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TOEFL- Language Proficiency Test to Study Abroad


The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is a standardised test used to evaluate the English language abilities of international students applying to English-speaking universities. Countries that accept TOEFL include Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, Europe etc. It is recognized by over 11,500 universities and other institutions in over 160 countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United States, the United Kingdom, and throughout Europe and Asia. The TOEFL exam costs $190 (US dollars) in India, which translates to around INR 15,000, this is approximately the same amount you will have to pay for other proficiency exams such as IELTS.



What is the difference between TOEFL iBT and PBT?  

There are two modes of TOEFL test; iBT- internet-based test and PBT- paper-based test. On a computer, you'll take the TOEFL iBT, listen with a headset, speak with a microphone, and enter your answers on a keyboard for the writing component. However, as the name suggests, the TOEFL PBT exam is only available in paper and pencil format. 


The Structure of the TOEFL Exam




The TOEFL iBT® Reading part is meant to determine how effectively you can read and comprehend academic topics. The student has 54 to 72 minutes to complete 3-4 reading sections. These sections have ten questions each and are around 700 words long. 


Reading passages are sections from university textbooks that would be utilised in a subject or topic's introduction. These texts cover a vast range of topics. 



The TOEFL iBT® Listening section assesses your ability to comprehend English conversations and lectures. It includes paying attention to the following: 


  • Basic Comprehension 


  • Connecting and synthesizing information, as well as pragmatic understanding (speaker's attitude and degree of certainty). 


In the Speaking section, there are two types of listening items: lectures and conversations. These lectures (3–4) last for 3–5 minutes and they contain 6 questions. 2–3 conversations are with 2 speakers, each lasting 3 minutes and containing 5 questions. You can take notes while answering questions to assist you as the section will take between 41 and 57 minutes to complete. 



The TOEFL iBT® Speaking section assesses your ability to communicate effectively in English in an academic setting. It consists of four tasks that are modelled after real-life situations that you might encounter in and out of the classroom. 


Question 1 is referred to as an "independent speaking task" because it requires you to respond entirely based on your own thoughts, opinions, and experiences. While questions 2–4 are referred to as "integrated speaking tasks" because they require you to use your English-language skills — listening and speaking, or listening, reading, and speaking — in the same way, that you would in or out of a classroom. 


The good part is, right before each response, you’ll have the grace of 15-30 seconds to prepare, and then before each response, you'll have 15–30 seconds to prepare, before giving your response which is 45 or 60 seconds long. 



The TOEFL iBT® Writing section is designed to evaluate your ability to write in English in an academic setting, and you should be able to present your ideas in a clear, well-organized manner. There are two writing assignments to complete:


  1. 20-minute integrated writing task: read a short passage and listen to a short lecture before writing in response to what you read and heard. 


  1. Independent writing task (30 minutes)— write an essay in response to a writing topic based on personal experience or opinion. 


Your responses will be typed (or handwritten for the TOEFL iBT® Paper Edition) on a computer keyboard. 


Tips for doing well on the TOEFL Exam


Make use of practice exams 

Practice taking the tests is the best way to prepare for the TOEFL. If you're taking a TOEFL class, your teacher will give you plenty of practice material. If you're studying for the TOEFL on your own, you'll need to buy a few essential resources. Look for a textbook with exercises, vocabulary, practise tests, CDs, and explanations. It's possible that you won't want to read a book from beginning to end. Concentrate on the sections that are most difficult for you. You should not rely solely on one book. You may have a book that is much easier to read than the official TOEFL. To supplement your textbook, look for free samples on the internet. Check to see if the question types are appropriate. 


Prepare ahead of time. 

You will feel calm and prepared if you arrive at the testing centre with everything you need. When you are nervous, your memory does not function properly. Make certain you understand how to get to the testing centre and where you can park. Bring the appropriate amount of cash for parking. If you are taking the paper-based test, you should have a variety of pencils, a pencil sharpener, and a few non-smudge erasers on hand. It is also critical that your identification appears to be genuine. If you've had problems with your ID in the past, bring a backup photo. 


Improve your typing speed and accuracy. 

You'll have to type your essay and fill out your answers on the computer. Consider improving your typing skills before taking the TOEFL if you type with only a few fingers. Make sure you're comfortable using a QWERTY keyboard. If you aren't, go online and look for typing practice drills. Even if you have excellent typing skills, try practising on other computers. Some students become so accustomed to using their own computer that they become anxious when they are required to type on a different keyboard or use a different mouse on test day. 


Go to the TOEFL website for more information. 

You can download a number of useful resources for free from the official TOEFL website. They will provide you with a list of essay writing topics. Important information about test centres and test updates can also be found there plus answers to most of your questions. You'll also get tips on which resources are worth investing in. 


Strengthen all four abilities. 

Some individuals make the error of taking the exam too soon. Perhaps your reading, listening, and writing abilities are sufficient, but your speaking abilities require improvement. You will have to retake the entire test if you perform poorly in one section. You can't go back and redo a section. When you register, make sure you're prepared to take the entire test. 



TOEFL is a tasking test, there is no doubt about it. But you can succeed. Contact our experts for more preparation tips. 






Preparing for Study Abroad

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